Located in Fontes Pereira de Melo Avenue, in Lisbon’s center, the development of an office building led to the surrounding public space requalification, including adjacent streets and Augusto Monjardino Garden.
Fontes Pereira de Melo Avenue and the adjacent urban area are part of the city’s North and Northeast extension plan, developed by Ressano Garcia in 1888. The plan for this new urban area appropriated principles and techniques of the progressive urbanism of which the Parisian boulevards were the referential figure. The continued extension of Lisbon urban area throughout the twentieth century gave the Fontes Pereira de Melo Avenue major importance, establishing it as the main road connection between the lower and the higher city areas, including the airport. Consequently, the car assumed prevailing importance in shaping public space. Today this has become a central vibrant urban mixed-use area.
The public space project aims to promote residents’ population wellbeing and urban livelihood together with the activities and business dynamics that characterize this city’s area, reclaiming pedestrians’ space to enhance soft-modes of locomotion, socio-economic and cultural dynamics: the creation of a micro-centrality that promotes urban cohesion. The design of the garden-square involves the development of a space with the capacity to contain all the characteristics associated with the typological binomial that defines it: A leisure public space confined by the vegetation, protected from the surrounding street’s intense circulation, characterized by its amenity, amplitude and polyvalence.
The grove, inspired by the lush vegetation of Hotel Aviz, that once existed in the area, assumes a preponderant role transitioning buildings dimensions. It is characterized by the exuberant plantation, diversified in shape, color and texture, and presents itself as an integral element and regulator of the public space, counterposing the rigidity of the square. This shaded area is defined by a great diversity of deciduous and evergreen trees providing – through temperature regulation and wind protection – livability conditions space during all year. This grove is an important biodiversity inducer reinforcing the municipal ecological structure and connecting with adjacent boulevards and consolidated urban green spaces.